Adaptasi Masyarakat Transmigran di Desa Batang Pane II, Kecamatan Padang Bolak, Kabupaten Padang Lawas Utara

Yuyun Trisna Yuningsih, Nurjannah Nurjannah

Abstract


This study aims to determine the history, driving factors, adaptation, social solidarity, and barriers faced by Javanese and Sundanese ethnic transmigrant communities in adapting in Batang Pane II Village, Padang Bolak District, North Padang Lawas Regency. This study used a qualitative descriptive study with the subject of Javanese, Sundanese, and indigenous ethnic transmigrant communities namely the Batak Angkola sub-community. The results of the study show that the history of their transmigration was a result of the general transmigration program of 1982 under the rule of President Suharto. The driving factor is because you want to improve your standard of living, and get a more prosperous life. The adaptation of the transmigrant community went well, as evidenced by the interaction and communication that took place between each ethnic group. The social solidarity that occurs, can be seen in various kinds of activities carried out jointly, collaborating with each other and establishing cohesiveness in the community. Barriers to adaptation to barren soil environments so that people cannot grow crops other than perennials at the beginning of transmigration. The obstacle in communicating is because each ethnic group has a different language. The conclusion is that transmigrant communities with indigenous people each adapt to each other. The adaptation process does not fully occur naturally, but has been programmed by the government with evidence of laying houses for transmigrants and indigenous people randomly.

Keywords


Adaptation, Driving Factors, Social Solidarity, Obstacles, Transmigrant Society

Full Text:

PDF

References


Arikunto, Suharsimi. 2010. Prosedur Penelitian (Suatu Pendakatan Praktik). Jakarta: Rineka Cipta.

Budiarjo, Miriam. 2008. Dasar-Dasar Ilmu Politik. Jakarta : PT Gramedia Pustaka Utama.

Bungin, Burhan. 2008. Sosiologi Komunikasi: Teori, Paradigma, dan Diskursus Teknologi Komunikasi di Masyarakat. Jakarta: Kencana

Koentjaraningrat. 2009. Pengantar Ilmu Antropologi. Jakarta: Rineka Cipta

Mardalis. 2010. Metode Penelitian (Suatu Pendekatan Proposal). Jakarta: PT. Bumi Aksara.

Mulyadi. 2006. Ekonomi Sumberdaya Manusia Dalam Perspektif Pembangunan. Jakarta: PT Raja Grafindo Persada

Paul Johnson, Doyle. 1986. Teori Sosiologi Klasik dan Modren. Jakarta: PT

Gramedia

Pelly, Usman. 2013. Urbanisasi dan Adaptasi, Peranan Misi Budaya Minang

Kabau dan Mandailing. Medan: Unimed Press

Soerjono Soekanto. 2000. Beberapa Teori Sosiologi tentang Struktur Masyarakat. Jakarta: CV Rajawali

Soerjono Soekanto. 2006. Sosiologi Suatu Pengantar. Jakarta: PT Raja Grafindo Persada

Sugiono. 2009. Metode Penelitian Pendidikan. Bandung: ALFABETA.

Sugiono. 2012. Metode Penelitian Pendidikan Pendekatan Kuantitatif, Kualitatif, dan R&D. Bandung: ALFABETA

Susan, Novri. 2010. Pengantar Sosiologi Konflik dan Isu-isu Konflik Kontemporer. Jakarta: Kencana

Suparno, Erman. 2007. Paradigma Baru Transmigrasi Menuju Kemakmuran Rakyat. Jakarta: Departemen Tenaga Kerja dan Transmigrasi Republik Indonesia

Winarto dan Herimanto. 2008. Ilmu Sosial & Budaya Dasar. Jakarta: Bumi Aksara

Jurnal:

Subagyo. 2012. “Pengambangan Nilai dan Tradisi Gotong Royong dalam Bingkai Konservasi Nilai Budaya”, Indonesian Journal of Conservation Vol. 1 No. 1 Juni 2012. Semarang : Universitas Negeri Semarang




DOI: https://doi.org/10.24114/antro.v4i2.11956

DOI (PDF): https://doi.org/10.24114/antro.v4i2.11956.g10523

Refbacks

  • There are currently no refbacks.


Anthropos: Jurnal Antropologi Sosial dan Budaya(Journal Of Social and Cultural Anthropology)
Program Studi Pendidikan Antropologi, Fakultas Ilmu Sosial, Universitas Negeri Medan
Universitas Negeri Medan, Jalan Willem Iskandar, Pasar V, Medan Estate, Sumatera Utara dan Email: anthropos@unimed.ac.id
Creative Commons License
This work is licensed under a Creative Commons Attribution 4.0 International License

ISSN 2460 4585 (Print), ISSN: 2460 4593 (Online)