Ma’bulle Tomate : Memori Budaya Aluk Todolo Pada Ritual Kematian di Gandangbatu, Toraja

Ones Kristiani Rapa', Yurulina Gulo

Abstract


The aim of this paper is to see how changes occur in the rituals of death in Toraja specifically in Gandangbatu. The intended death ritual is the Ma'bulle Tomate ritual. This Ma'bulle Tomate ritual is one of the rituals contained in Rambu Solo. The method used is a qualitative research method with interview and observation techniques. The Ma'bulle Tomate ritual in Gandangbatu has experienced a clear shift in its practice, which in the past in Aluk Todolo beliefs was accompanied by badong, now replaced by singing. the author found that the meaning of badong in Aluk Todolo is as a medium to express the social status of the dead in society, the completeness of the ritual of his death, prayer requests to Puang Matua so that the deceased get a decent place in puya (a place of waiting) and those who live long life and blessed by Puang Matua. While the meaning of the song in Ma'bulle Tomate is the Christian hymn is just a worship of God and comfort to the family. Through the theoretical approach of Massimo Rosati in the book 'Ritual and Sacred' finally can understand and discover how changes occur in the Ma'bulle Tomate Ritual and the meaning of badong in Aluk Todolo before the entry of Christianity in Gandangbatu.


Keywords


Ma'bulle Tomate, Aluk Todolo, Badong, Ritual

Full Text:

PDF

References


Assman, J, (2015). Collective Memory and Cultural Identity, Philadelphia: Temple University Press.

Creswell, J.W., (2014). Research Gesign: Pendekatan Metode Penelitian Kualitatif, Kuantitatif dan Campuran, Yogyakarta: Pustaka Pelajar.

Dahlia, (2016). Analisis Wacana Ma’Badong (Salah Satu Upacara Rambu Solo’ Di Tana Toraja), UNISMUH: Jurnal Perspektif, 1(2). 10-16.

Hidayat, D, (2017). Social and Cultural Identity Pendekatan Face Negotation Theory dan Public Relations Multikulturalism Negara Jerman-China dan Indonesia, Universitas Bina Sarana Informatika: Jurnal Apiskom, 2 (2): 43-44.

Inggu’, K, (2019), Kepala Lembang Gandangbatu, Hasil Wawancara, Selasa, 10 Juli.

Kamma, S. & Azalia, A. (2016). Komunikasi Antar Budaya Dalam Tarian Ma’Badong Sebagai Media Tradisional Masyarkat Suku Toraja Di Desa Singa Gembara Kecamatan Sangatta Utara FISIP UNMUL: ejournal Ilmu Komunikasi: 4(2), 239-251

Kobong, T, (2008). Injil dan Tongkonan, Inkarnasi, Kontekstualisasi, Transformasi, Jakarta: Gunung Mulia.

Limin, M, (2019). Ketua Adat Lembang Gandangbatu. Hasil Wawancara, Jumat 19 Juli.

Liliweri, A, (2004). Dasar-dasar Komunikasi AntarBudaya, Yogyakarta : Pustaka Pelajar.

Mono, S, (2019). Kajian Teologis Etnomusikologi Tentang Nilai-nilai Penanian Dolo dalam Tradisi Pengusungan Jenazah di Lembang Gandangbatu, Toraja: STAKN.

Nurul, H.M. (2018). Tradisi Pemakaman Rambu Solo Di Tana Toraja Dalam Novel Puya Ke Puya Karya Faisal Oddang (Kajian Interpretatif Simbolik Clifford Geertz), Universitas Negeri Surabaya: Jurnal Interpretatif simbolik 1 (1): 2-16.

Rodrigues, J. & Fortier, T. (2007). Cultural Memory: Resistance, Faith and Identity, Amerika: University of Texas Press.

Rosati, M, (2009). Ritual and the Sacred: A Neo-Durkheimian Analysis of Politics, Religion and the Self. Berghahn Books

Selpiande. (2017). Kajian Sosio-Teologis terhadap Nilai-nilai yang terkandung dalam Ritual Ma’bulle Tomate, Toraja: STAKN.

Samantha Lakburlawal, Giovanna, (2017). Pemahaman Gereja Toraja terhadap Ma’Badong, Salatiga: UKSW.

Samiyono, D, (2019). Metode Penelitian Sosial, Salatiga: UKSW.

Shils, E, (1975). Center and Periphery: Essays in Macrosociology. Chicago and London: University of Chicago Press, 9(2), 337-338.

Sugiyono, (2012). Metode Penelitian Kuantitatif dan Kualitatif dan R&D, (Bandung: Alfabeta.

Tangdilintin, L.T. (1991). Toraja dan Kebudayaannya, Tana Toraja: Yayasan Lepongan Bulan.

Todingallo, S.T, (1999). Penanian Dolo Jakarta: STT Jakarta.

Verulitasari, E & Cahyono, A. (2016), Nilai Budaya Dalam Pertunjukan Rapai Geleng Mencerminkan Identitas Budaya Aceh, Universitas Negeri Semarang: Journal of Arts Education, 5(1): 41-47.

Vianser, M, (2019). Masyarakat Gandangbatu, Hasil Wawancara, Senin, 10 Juni.

Wahyuningsih, D. (2018). Representasi Ritual Upacara Kematian Adat Suku Toraja Dalam Program Dokumenter Indonesia Bagus Net Tv Episode Toraja, UNMUL: Journal Ilmu Komunikasi, 6 (1): 68-82.

Yerushalmi. Y.H, (1982) Jewish History and Jewish Memory. (Samuel and Althea Stroum Lectures in Jewish History.), Seattle: University of Washington Press.




DOI: https://doi.org/10.24114/antro.v5i2.14622

Article Metrics

Abstract view : 1978 times
PDF - 1732 times

Refbacks

  • There are currently no refbacks.


Anthropos: Jurnal Antropologi Sosial dan Budaya (Journal Of Social and Cultural Anthropology)
Program Studi Pendidikan Antropologi, Fakultas Ilmu Sosial, Universitas Negeri Medan
Universitas Negeri Medan, Jalan Willem Iskandar, Pasar V, Medan Estate, Sumatera Utara dan Email: anthropos@unimed.ac.id
Creative Commons License
This work is licensed under a Creative Commons Attribution 4.0 International License

ISSN 2460 4585 (Print), ISSN: 2460 4593 (Online)