MATERI KONFRONTASI INDONESIA–MALAYSIA 1963-1966: PERSPEKTIF BUKU TEKS SEJARAH INDONESIA DAN MALAYSIA

Andre Bagus Irshanto, Leli Yulifar, Helius Sjamsuddin

Abstract


Historical textbooks are a form of historiography intended for educational purposes. The many themes in the historical textbooks at the High School level, the theme of Indonesia-Malaysia confrontation 1963-1966 is a theme that needs to be raised because this theme concerns the relationship between two neighbouring allied countries. This study aimed to provide a complete picture for teachers and especially for students about the history of the Indonesia-Malaysia confrontation 1963-1966. The problems formulated on the question: why does Indonesia-Malaysia confrontation occurs? How the narration of the confrontation is told in the historical textbooks of both countries? Why is the narration of confrontation in the historical textbooks of the two countries more emphasize the political aspect than any other aspects? What are the advantages and disadvantages of the confrontation material from the perspective of the historical textbooks of the two countries? The research method used is comparative and content analysis. The results of this study show that the Indonesia-Malaysia confrontation 1963-1966 occurred because of mutual suspicion between Indonesia and Malaysia. The narrative of the confrontation in the historical textbooks of the two countries has different perspectives and pressure points that are following their respective interests through official history. Indonesian textbooks emphasize the role of important people from the Indonesian side only, while Malaysian textbooks try to be more objective by introducing both figures from Indonesia and Malaysia.      


Keywords


Historical Textbook; Historiography; Indonesia-Malaysia Confrontation

Full Text:

PDF

References


Abdurakhman, dkk., (eds.) (2015). Buku Teks Sejarah Indonesia Kelas XII Kurikulum 2013 SMA/MA/SMK/MAK. Jakarta: Pusbukkur Balitbang.

Adam, R. B., dkk., (eds.) (2010). Sejarah Tingkatan 5 Buku Teks Kurikulum Bersepadu Sekolah Menengah. Kuala Lumpur: Percetakan Naz Sdn Bhd.

Flournoy, D. M., (ed.) (1989). Analisis Surat Kabar-Surat Kabar Indonesia. Yogyakarta: UGM Press.

Hasan, S. H. (2003). Strategi Pembelajaran Sejarah pada Era Otonomi Daerah sebagai Implementasi Kurikulum Berbasis Kompetensi. In Andi Suwirta & H. Sjamsuddin (ed.), Historia Magistra Vitae: Menyambut 70 tahun Prof. Dr. Hj. Rochiati Wiriaatmadja, M.A. Bandung: Historia Press.

Imam, H. (2005). Keterampilan Penyelsaian Konflik dalam Pembelajaran Sejarah. In A. Suwirta & D. Saripudin (ed.), Sejarah dan Perubahan: Penghormatan 70 Tahun Prof. Dr. H. Ismaun, M.Pd. Bandung: Historia Utama Press.

Lim, A. (2016). A Tale of Two Narratives: The New Zealand Print Media and the Indonesian-Malaysian Confrontation, 1963-1966. The New Zealand Journal of Asian Studies, 18(1), 35–55.

Sunarti, L. (2014). Politik Luar Negeri Malaysia terhadap Indonesia, 1957-1976: Dari Konfrontasi Menuju Kerja Sama. Susurgalur: Jurnal Kajian Sejarah & Pendidikan Sejarah, 6(1), 65–80. https://doi.org/https://doi.org/10.2121/susurgalur.v2i1.75

Suwirta, A. (2010). Dua Negara Bangsa Melihat Masa Lalunya: Konfrontasi Indonesia-Malaysia Sebagaimana Dikisahkan dalam Buku-Buku Teks Sejarahnya di Sekolah. Sosiohumanika: Jurnal Pendidikan Sains Sosial Dan Kemanusiaan, 3(2), 243–258. https://doi.org/https://doi.org/10.2121/sosiohumanika.v3i2.415




DOI: https://doi.org/10.24114/jasmerah%20journal.v2i1.17194

Article Metrics

Abstract view : 208 times
PDF - 282 times

Refbacks

  • There are currently no refbacks.