Imelda Malawaty Simorangkir


Because the skills of speaking English as a foreign language (EFL) in Indonesia are still concern and less than maximal, even becoming a phenomenon to date. This study choose storytelling as a learning techniques to facilitate students to increase speaking skills in English learning. So, this study aims to see the success of storytelling techniques in learning foreign languages, and increased skills to speak English students at the grades 6 elementary school. There is an average value (mean score) of student learning outcomes of each aspect are as follows: vocabulary aspects of 17.5, the aspect of pronunciation of 17.3, aspects of smoothness of 16.7, aspects of the structure of 16.7, and the meaning aspects of 17.9. Of the overall average value on every aspect, students can be said to almost reach the highest score, namely 20 on the assessment criteria for each aspect. The findings of this study showed storytelling is a technique that is worthy of being used as a technique or approach to foreign language learning. The storytelling can spur students' interest in talking The storytelling managed to facilitate students to increase speaking skills in learning English as a foreign language (EFL).,Students also provide a good response to this storytelling activity. Then, there is the increase in the speaking skills of elementary school students achieve very satisfactory value, which is 40% of students get a score of 97 for the highest value, and only 10% with a score of 62 for the lowest value. This study uses a direct method in storytelling activities. For data collection, this study uses qualitative and quantitative methods for data analysis.


storytelling, Englsih speaking skills, EFL, language learning, direct method.

Full Text:




Akaaf, Fatma. (2017). Perspectives of learners and teachers on implementing the storytelling strategy as a way to

develop story writing skills among middle school students. Cogent Education Journal 4:1, 1348315, DOI:

1080/2331186X.2017.1348315 To link to this article:

Cheon, H. (2003). The viability of computer mediated communication in the Korean secondary EFL classroom.

Asian EFL Journal, 5(1), 1_61.

Dingfielder, S. (2008). Storytelling, American style. Monitor, 38(10). Retrieved from


Guha, M.L., Druin, A., Montemayor, J., Chipman, G., & Farber, A. (2007). A theoretical model of children’s

storytelling using physically-oriented technologies (SPOT). Journal of Educational Multimedia and

Hypermedia, 16(4), 389_410.

Huffaker, D. (2004). Spinning yarns around the digital fire: Storytelling and dialogue among youth on the Internet.

First Monday, 9(1). Retrieved from

Harmer, Jeremy. (2008). The Practice of English Language Teaching: The Fourth Edition. Cambridge:

Pearson Education Limited.

Harmer, J. (2007). The practice of English language teaching. London: Longman

Hull, G.A., & Nelson, M.E. (2005). Locating the semiotic power of multimodality. Written Communication, 22,


Hwang, Shadiev, Hsu, Huang, Guo-Liang and Lin. (2014). Effects of storytelling to facilitate EFL

speaking using Web-based multimedia system. Computer Assisted Language Learning, 2014. DOI: 10.1080/09588221.2014.927367.

Hwang, W.Y., Shadiev, R., & Huang, S.M. (2011b). A study of a multimedia web annotation system and its effect on

the EFL writing and speaking performance of junior high school students.

Iskandarwassid dan Dadang Sunendar. (2009). Strategi Pembelajaran Bahasa. Sekolah Pascasarjana Universitas


Kern, R. (2006). Perspectives on technology in learning and teaching languages. TESOL Quarterly, 40(1), 183_210

Liu, N.F., & Littlewood, W. (1997). Why do many students appear reluctant to participate in classroom learning

discourse? System, 25(3), 371_384.

Nababan, P.W.J. 1991. Sosiolinguistik Suatu Pengantar. Jakarta: PT. Gramedia Pustaka Utama.

Nguyen, K., Stanley, N., & Stanley, L. (2014). Storytelling in teaching Chinese as a second/foreign Language.

Linguistic and Literature Stuies, 2, 29–38.

Pesola, C.A. (1991). Culture in the elementary foreign language classroom. Foreign Language Annals,


Pranowo. 1996. Analisis Pengajaran Bahasa. Yogyakarta: Gadja Mada University Press

Putra, I G.B. Wahyu Nugraha. (2013). Peningkatan Keterampilan Berbicara malalui Metode Langsung

dalam Pengajaran Bahasa Inggris di Lembaga Kursus English Center (tesis). Denpasar: Universitas


Rahimy dan Safarpour (2012). The Effect of Using Role Play on Iranian EFL Learner's Speaking Ability. Journal of

Social Sciences and Humanities, 2012: 50-59)

Simon, Quinn. (2005). Debating Australia: Guidelines for Debaters (Australian Parliamentary System)

Quennsland: Debating Federation Author in Brisbane.

Song, B. (1995). What does reading mean for East Asian students? College ESL, 5(2), 35_48.

Sudjana, Nana. (2008). Dasar-dasar Proses Belajar Mengajar. Bandung: Sinar Baru Algensindo.

Wright, A. (1995). Storytelling with children. Oxford, UK: Oxford University Press.

Wu, T.L.(1999). Bringing storytelling into the classroom. Hwa Kang Journal of English Language & Literature,


Yang, S.C., & Chen, Y.J. (2007) Technology-enhanced language learning: A case study. Computers in Human

Behavior, 23(1), 860_879. ReCALL, 23(2), 160_180.


Article Metrics

Abstract view : 231 times
PDF - 190 times


  • There are currently no refbacks.

Copyright (c) 2021 Imelda Malawaty Simorangkir

Creative Commons License
This work is licensed under a Creative Commons Attribution-ShareAlike 4.0 International License.

p-ISSN: 2549-1849

e-ISSN: 2549-3434


Creative Commons License
This work is licensed under a Creative Commons Attribution-ShareAlike 4.0 International License.