CONVERSATION ANALYSIS OF TURN-TAKING TECHNIQUE IN “ELLEN SHOW” TALKSHOW

Resha Febriza Matondang, Elisa Betty Manullang

Abstract


The research discussed about conversation analysis of turn-taking technique in “Ellen Show” talk show. Everyone should be familiar with “Ellen Show” this is one of the best popular talk show in American. The aims of this study were: (1) to find out the types of turn-taking techniques that used by the host of “Ellen Show” talk show by using Sacks (1974) in Garcia and Jacobs (2010) (2) to find out how the differences of turn-taking between male and female guests in “Ellen Show” talk show by using Pennebaker, J. W. (2007). The descriptive qualitative method is being used in this research. The data were derived from the dialogue script, which was transcribed from the video. The findings of the study revealed that: (1) there were three types of turn-taking current speaker select next, next speaker self-selection, current speaker continue. The highest frequency was current speaker select next. The host and guests in “Ellen Show” talk show used current speaker select next which appeared 21 times, next speaker self-selection was the second highest frequency which occurred 19 times, then the lowest frequency was current speaker continue produced by the host and guests which appeared 4 times in eight episodes. (2) In all eight episodes, women take more turns in talking seven times than males three times. The researcher recommends that future studies examine turn-taking from a variety of perspectives, such as how turn-taking is used in movies by gender or other factors. The researcher hopes that this study will be valuable to readers and future conversation analysis researchers.


Keywords


Turn-taking, Ellen Show, Gender.

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