ANALISIS FAKTOR YANG MEMPENGARUHI KUNJUNGAN WISATAWAN MANCA NEGARA KE INDONESIA

Wawan Hermawan

Abstract


The tourism sector is a sector that can be relied on to earn foreign exchange.
Revenue from tourism showed significant progress and continues to grow, so bring
a high impact on the Indonesian economy. Number of tourists visiting foreign
countries is an important indicator for the growth of tourism sector in Indonesia is
related to the increase in foreign exchange. Increase or decrease of tourist arrivals is
influenced both by internal factors such as the condition of tourist destinations in
Indonesia, politics and security in Indonesia or external factors such as the economic conditions of the various countries of origin of foreign tourists. This study uses panel data with the annual number of tourist arrivals from a number of countries to Indonesia for 19 years as the dependent variable. The independent variable of this research is RGDPP (Real GDP Per Capita), RREER (Relative Real Effective Exchange Rate), TCPI (Indicative Ratio of Consumer Price Index), Population, CPITUNIS (Consumer Price Index Tunisia), TO (Trade Openness). The results of this study indicate that tourist arrivals to Indonesia is heavily influenced by the distance from their home country to destinations in Indonesia. This variable is the biggest variable affecting the arrival of foreign tourists to Indonesia. Income per capita is the second largest variable and has a coefficient  close to unity, so that the income elasticity of country of origin is an important variable to be considered.


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DOI: https://doi.org/10.24114/qej.v5i1.17479

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