Needs Analysis on the Development of Ethnomedicine Books as a Student Learning Resource in Ethnobotany Courses

Ummi Zaimah, Ashar Hasairin, Diky Setya Diningrat

Abstract


Book development is very important to do support the learning process because it is integrated with the competencies that must be mastered and learned by students. The first step before developing the book is to conduct a needs analysis. This activity aims to determine the level of student need for the availability of books as learning resources used during ethnobotany lectures on ethnomedicine material. This research was conducted on 35 student of biology at the State University of Medan. This research is a qualitative descriptive study using a survey method. Data collection was carried out using a closed questionnaire. The results showed that the analysis of learning materials, as many as 62.9% of respondents said that ethnomedicine is one of the difficult materials in ethnobotany courses. The highest percentage is when identifying plants used as medicine (54.3%). Based on the needs analysis, 54.3% of respondents needed ethnomedicine books to add insight, so that 51.4% of respondents strongly agreed to develop ethnomedicine books as learning resources. It can be concluded that it is necessary to develop an ethnomedicine book as a learning resource that is prepared based on student needs and adapted to the sub-CPMK of ethnobotany subjects on ethnomedicine material. This research is useful to determine the need for learning resources needed to overcome the problems faced by students in learning activities so that the products developed are in accordance with the needs of students.


Keywords


Book Development, Ethnobotany, Ethnomedicine, Learning Resources, Needs Analysis

Full Text:

PDF

References


Anisah, A., & Azizah, E. N. (2017). Pengaruh penggunaan buku teks pelajaran dan internet sebagai sumber belajar terhadap hasil belajar siswa pada pembelajaran IPS. LOGIKA Jurnal Ilmiah Lemlit Unswagati Cirebon, 18(3), 1-18.

Cahyadi, R. A. H. (2019). Pengembangan bahan ajar berbasis ADDIE model. Halaqa: Islamic Education Journal, 3(1), 35-42. https://doi.org/10.21070/halaqa.v3i1.2124

Dolong, J. (2016). Teknik analisis dalam komponen pembelajaran. Jurnal Inspiratif Pendidikan, 5(2), 293-300. https://doi.org/10.24252/ip.v5i2.3484

Efendi, A. (2009). Beberapa catatan tentang buku teks pelajaran di sekolah. INSANIA: Jurnal Pemikiran Alternatif Kependidikan, 14(2), 320-333. https://doi.org/https://doi.org/10.24090/insania.v14i2.334

Elsi, Y., Satriadi, T., & Istikowati, W. T. (2020). Etnobotani obat-obatan yang dimanfaatkan masyarakat adat Dayak Meratus Desa Ulang Kabupaten Hulu Sungai Selatan Kalimantan Selatan. Jurnal Sylva Scienteae, 3(1), 193-201. https://doi.org/10.20527/jss.v3i1.1959

Fitmawati, Fatonah, S., Irawan, Y. R. (2016). Tanaman Obat Perkarangan Berbasiskan Pengetahuan Tumbuhan Obat Masyarakat Asli Riau (Etnomedicine). Riau: UNRI Press.

Fitriansyah, F. (2019). Analisis Isi Buku Teks Teknologi Media Pembelajaran Sebagai Sumber Belajar Mahasiswa. Cakrawala-Jurnal Humaniora, 19(2), 207-212.

Hanafy, M. S. (2014). Konsep belajar dan pembelajaran. Lentera Pendidikan: Jurnal Ilmu Tarbiyah dan Keguruan, 17(1), 66-79. https://doi.org/10.24252/lp.2014v17n1a5

Handayani, A. (2015). Pemanfaatan Tumbuhan Berkhasiat Obat oleh Masyarakat Sekitar Cagar Alam Gunung Simpang, Jawa Barat. In Prosiding Seminar Nasional Masyarakat Biodiversitas Indonesia, 1(6), 1425-1432.

Indriati, G. (2016). Etnobotani tumbuhan obat yang digunakan suku anak dalam di Desa Tabun Kecamatan VII Koto Kabupaten Tebo Jambi. Sainstek: Jurnal Sains dan Teknologi, 6(1), 52-56. http://dx.doi.org/10.31958/js.v6i1.103

Kasrina, K., Sri, I., & Wahyu E, J. (2012). Ragam jenis mikroalga di air rawa Kelurahan Bentiring Permai Kota Bengkulu sebagai alternatif sumber belajar biologi SMA. EXACTA, 10(1), 36-44.

Liunokas, A. (2020). Analisis Kemampuan Mahasiswa dalam Mengidentifikasi Tumbuhan di Lingkungan STKIP SOE. Jurnal Inovasi Pendidikan dan Sains, 1(1). 8-12.

Nasution, A., Chikmawati, T., Walujo, E. B., & Zuhud, E. A. (2018). Pemanfaatan Tumbuhan Obat Secara Empiris pada Suku Mandailing di Taman Nasional Batang Gadis Sumatera Utara. Jurnal Bioteknologi & Biosains Indonesia (JBBI), 5(1), 64-74. https://doi.org/10.29122/jbbi.v5i1.2772

O’Brien, C. M. (2010). Do They Really “Know Nothing”? An inquiry into ethnobotanical knowledge of students in Arizona, USA. Ethnobotani Research Applied, 8. 35-47.

Oktavia, G. A. E., Darma, I. D. P., & Sujarwo, W. (2017). Studi Etnobotani Tumbuhan Obat di Kawasan Sekitar Danau Buyan-Tamblingan, Bali. Buletin Kebun Raya, 20(1), 1-16.

Rahmawati, G. (2015). Buku teks pelajaran sebagai sumber belajar siswa di perpustakaan sekolah di SMAN 3 bandung. EduLib, 5(1). 102-113. https://doi.org/10.17509/edulib.v5i1.2307

Rezeqi, S., Brata, W. W. W., Handayani, D., & Gani, A. R. F. (2020). Analisis Kebutuhan Bahan Ajar Taksonomi Organisme Tingkat Rendah Terhadap Capaian Pembelajaran Berbasis KKNI. Jurnal Pelita Pendidikan, 8(2). 126-133. https://doi.org/10.24114/jpp.v8i2.17697

Rofi'ah, A. T., Hariani, S. A., & Pujiastuti, P. (2021). Pengembangan Buku Nonteks Biologi SMA Kelas X Berbasis Pengetahuan Etnobotani di Kabupaten Situbondo. Jurnal Bioterdidik: Wahana Ekspresi Ilmiah, 9(2), 1-9. http://dx.doi.org/10.23960/jbt.v9i2.22319

Sasmita, R. S. (2020). Pemanfaatan Internet Sebagai Sumber Belajar. Jurnal Pendidikan dan Konseling (JPDK), 2(1), 99-103. https://doi.org/10.31004/jpdk.v1i2.603

Setiyani, R. (2010). Pemanfaatan internet sebagai sumber belajar. Dinamika Pendidikan, 5(2). 117-133. https://doi.org/10.15294/dp.v5i2.4921

Setyowati, F. M., & Wardah, W. (2007). Diversity of Medicinal Plant by Talang Mamak Tribe in Surrounding of Bukit Tiga Puluh National Park, Riau. Biodiversitas Journal of Biological Diversity, 8(3). 228-232. https://doi.org/10.13057/biodiv/d080313

Siahaan, T. M., Sianipar, H. F., Simamora, R., Sijabat, A., & Sinaga, C. V. R. (2021). Pengembangan Buku Ajar Berbasis Kooperatif Tipe Jigsaw untuk Meningkatkan Kemampuan Berpikir Kreatif Mahasiswa. Jurnal Basicedu, 5(4), 2496-2503. https://doi.org/10.31004/basicedu.v5i4.1213

Silalahi, M., Supriatna, J., Walujo, E. B., & Nisyawati. (2013). Pengetahuan Lokal dan Keanekaragaman Tumbuhan Obat pada Kelompok Sub Etnis Batak Karo di Sumatera Utara. In: Prosiding Seminar Bioeti. FMIPA Universitas Andalas Padang, Padang. 146-153.

Silalahi, M. (2016). Studi etnomedisin di Indonesia dan pendekatan penelitiannya. Jurnal Dinamika Pendidikan, 9(3), 117-124.

Surahman, F., & Yeni, H. O. (2019). Pengembangan Buku Ajar Mata Kuliah Renang Bagi Mahasiswa Pendidikan Jasmani Kesehatan dan Rekreasi. Journal Sport Area, 4(1), 218-229. https://doi.org/10.25299/sportarea.2019.vol4(1).2413

Susilawati, Y., & Sugandi, M. K. (2018). Keterampilan Mahasiswa Dalam Mengidentifikasi Tumbuhan di Lingkungan Universitas Majalengka Sebagai Kompetensi Mata Kuliah Morfologi Tumbuhan. Bioedusiana: Jurnal Pendidikan Biologi, 3(1), 29-37. https://doi.org/10.34289/277887




DOI: https://doi.org/10.24114/jpb.v11i1.33693

Article Metrics

Abstract view : 105 times
PDF - 63 times

Refbacks

  • There are currently no refbacks.


Creative Commons License
This work is licensed under a Creative Commons Attribution 4.0 International License.

............................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................

Editorial Office of Jurnal Pendidikan Biologi Review:
Program Studi Magister Pendidikan Biologi,
Gedung Pascasarjana Lantai 4, Universitas Negeri Medan,
JL. Willem Iskandar Pasar V, Medan Estate, Sumatera Utara, Indonesia, 20221
+62-813-7604-4565 (Call/SMS/WA)
E-mail: jurnalpendidikanbiologi.unimed@gmail.com
............................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................

Creative Commons License
Jurnal Pendidikan Biologi: Journal of Biology Education by Department of Biology Education, Program Pascasarjana, Universitas Negeri Medan. Dikelola oleh Jurnal Universitas Negeri Medan is licensed under a Creative Commons Attribution 4.0 International License. p-ISSN (Print) 2086-2245 | e-ISSN (Online) 2502-3810