PENERAPAN MEMBACA KRITIS PADA TEKS EDITORIAL UNTUK MENGOPTIMALKAN KEMAMPUAN BERPIKIR KREATIF MAHASISWA

Oktaviandi Bertua Pardede

Abstract


Thinking creatively through critical reading of editorial texts means that the dimensions of students' creative thinking can be optimized according to their scientific field. So this research aims to focus on the extent of student creativity in creative thinking activities through the critical reading they experience on the object of reading scientific articles. This research also measures the increase in students' creative thinking abilities through lecture activities carried out in groups. To know the contribution of critical reading activities in the affectivity aspect. This research carried out at the Faculty of Teacher Training and Education Unpri, applies quantitative and qualitative research approaches, namely assessing learning outcomes and measuring student learning activities. The research method used is action research using the John Elliot model. Then the research sample was determined using purposive sampling with a total of 40 students. This research resulted in the conclusion that the application of critical reading and creative thinking abilities increased linearly with each increase between cycles, namely 22% to 6% and 25% to 10%. The final scores for critical reading and creative thinking skills were obtained at 80.5 and 80.725 respectively. This shows that increasing critical reading and creative thinking has an impact on student learning activities that become more meaningful and contribute to contextual learning.

 

Keywords: Creative thinking, critical reading, scientific articles, CAR

Full Text:

PDF

References


Aizid, R. (2011). Bisa Baca Secepat Kilat (Super Quick Reading). Yokyakarta : Buku Biru.

Anita, I. W. (2017). Implementasi Pembelajaran Berbasis Proyek Untuk Menumbuhkan Kemampuan Berpikir Kreatif Matematis Mahasiswa. Jurnal Penelitian Dan Pembelajaran Matematika, 10(1), 125–131. https://doi.org/10.30870/jppm.v10i1.1287

Biber, D., & Conrad, S. (2009). Register, Genre, and Style. New York: Cambridge University Press.

Creswell, J. W., & Creswell, J. D. (2018). Research Design: Qualitative, Quantitative, Mixed Methods and Approaches (M.

O’Heffernan (ed.); Fifth Edit). SAGE Publications.

Darusman, R. (2014). Penerapan Metode Mind Mapping (Peta Pikiran) Untuk Meningkatkan Kemampuan Berpikir Kreatif Matematik Siswa Smp. Infinity Journal, 3(2), 164. https://doi.org/10.22460/infinity.v3i2.61

Endah, T. P., & Nurhadi. (2017). Membaca kritis dan literasi kritis. In Tira Smart. Jakarta: Tira Smart.

Facione, P. A. (2015). Critical Thinking: What It Is and Why It Counts (Sixth Edition). California: Measurement Reason LCC and In- sight Assessment.

GLass, A. L., & Holyoak, K. J. (1986). Cognition. 2nd ed. Singapura: McGraw-Hill Book Company.

Guilford, J. (1995). Traits of Creativity. John Wiley,New York.

Ibda, H. (2020). Pembelajaran Bahasa Indonesia Berwawasan Literasi Baru di Perguruan Tinggi dalam Menjawab Tantangan Era Revolusi Industri 4.0. Jalabahasa, 15(1). https://doi.org/10.36567/jalabahasa.v15i1.227

Munandar, U. (2009). Pengembangan Kreativitas Anak Berbakat. Jakarta : PT Rineka Cipta.

Nurhadi. (2009). Teknik Membaca. Malang : Penerbit A3.

Nurwahidah, L. S., Kartini, A., & Asiah, L. N. (2022). Analisis Kemampuan Berpikir Kreatif dalam Pengerjaan Soal Esai Berbasis HOTS pada Hasil Tes Bahasa Indonesia. Diksa : Pendidikan Bahasa Dan Sastra Indonesia, 8(1), 52–67. http://dx.doi.org/10.33369/diksa.v8i1.22657

Pehkonen, E., & Pietilä, A. (2004). On relatinships between beliefs and knowledge in mathemtics educations. In M. Mariotti (Ed) Proceedings of the Third Congress of European Society for Research in Mathematics Education (CD/ROM).

Pratinuari, K., & Pujiastuti, E. (2013). Keefektifan Pendekatan Open-Ended Dengan Pembelajaran Kontekstual Terhadap Kemampuan Berpikir Kreatif. Unnes Journal of Mathematics Education., 2(1), 105–113. https://doi.org/https://doi.org/10.15294/ujme.v2i1.3327

Putri, A. A., Sumartini, T., Safitri, S. O., Sharma, M., Nurfardiyanti, R., Fahimna, F., & Nugroho, A. (2023). Pelatihan Membaca Kritis Dengan Media Pembelajaran Cerpen. JNB : Jurnal Nusantara Berbakti, 1(4), 176–184. https://doi.org/https://doi.org/10.59024/jnb.v1i4.258

Rahim, F. R. F. (2018). Pengajaran Membaca di Sekolah Dasar. In Bumi Aksara. Jakarta: Sinar Grafika.

Siswono, T. Y. E. (2008). Model Pembelajaran Matematika Berbasis Pengajuan dan Pemecahan Masalah untuk Meningkatkan Kemampuan Berpikir Kreatif. Surabaya : Unesa University Press.

Siswono, T. Y. E. (2016). Berpikir Kritis dan Berpikir Kreatif sebagai Fokus Pembelajaran Matematika. Seminar Nasional Matematika Dan Pendidikan Matematika, 5(2), 11–26.

Slameto. (2018). Belajar dan Faktor-faktor yang Mempengaruhinya. Jakarta : PT Rineka Cipta.

Solso, R. L. (1995). Cognitive Psychology. Needham Heights, MA: Allyn & Bacon.

Sugiyono. (2015). Metode Penelitian Pendidikan (Pendekatan Kuantitatif, Kualitatif, dan R&D). In Metode Penelitian Pendidikan (Pendekatan Kuantitatif, Kualitatif, dan R&D). CV Alfabeta.

Sultan. (2018). Membaca Kritis: Mengungkap Ideologi Teks dengan Pendekatan Literasi Kritis. Yokyakarta : Bima Sakti.

Sumadiria. (2011). Jurnalistik Indonesia: Menulis Berita dan Feature. Jakarta : Remaja Rosdakarya.

Surisumantri, J. S. (2009). Ilmu dalam Perspektif. Jakarta : Yayasan Obor Indonesia.

Susanti, E. (2022). KORELASI ANTARA KEMAMPUAN LITERASI MEMBACA PEMAHAMAN TERHADAP KEMAMPUAN BERPIKIR KREATIF MATEMATIS SISWA KELAS V SD. COLLASE (Creative of Learning Students Elementary Education), 5(3).

Susanto, H. A. (2011). Pemahaman Pemecahan Masalah Pembuktian Sebagai Sarana Berpikir Kreatif. Prosiding Seminar Nasional Penelitian, Pendidikan, Dan Penerapan MIPA, Fakultas MIPA, Universitas Negeri Yogyakarta, 1997, 189–196.

Suwartini, I., & Fujiastuti, A. (2017). Teknik Pembuatan Buku Ajar Membaca Kritis Dan Kreatif Berbasis Arcs (Attention, Relevance, Convidence, Satisfaction) Untuk Mahasiswa Pendidikan Bahasa Dan

Sastra Indonesia. Bahastra, 37(2), 138. https://doi.org/10.26555/bahastra.v37i2.7610

Tarigan, H. G. (2008). Membaca Sebagai Suatu Keterampilan Berbahasa. Bandung : Angkasa.

Turner, T. (1979). Critical and Creative Reading dalam J. Estill Alexander (Eds.), Teaching Reading (hlm. 172 6 202). Boston & Toronto: Litle, Brown and Company.

Utari, M. A., & Muttaqiin, A. (2021). Penerapan Pembelajaran Kooperatif Tipe Make a Match Dengan Kegiatan Membaca Kritis Terhadap Peningkatan Berpikir Kritis Siswa Pada Materi Interaksi Makhluk Hidup Dengan Lingkungan. INKUIRI: Jurnal Pendidikan IPA, 10(1), 58–69. https://doi.org/10.20961/inkuiri.v10i1.44189

Weisberg, R. W. (2006). Expertise and reason in creative thinking: Evidence from case studies and the laboratory. In Creativity and Reason in Cognitive Development. Cambridge: Cambridge University Press. https://doi.org/10.1017/CBO9780511606915.003

Wibowo, W. (2001). Otonomi Bahasa: 7 Strategi Tulis Pragmatik bagi Praktisi Bisnis dan Mahasiswa. Jakarta: Gramedia.

Wijayanti, A., & Rizal, M. D. F. (2022). PELATIHAN MENULIS KARYA ILMIAH BAGI GURU SMP DI KOTA MAGELANG UNTUK MENDUKUNG GERAKAN LITERASI NASIONAL. INTEGRITAS : Jurnal Pengabdian, 6(2). https://doi.org/10.36841/integritas.v6i2.1205




DOI: https://doi.org/10.24114/ajs.v13i1.52809

Article Metrics

Abstract view : 39 times
PDF - 46 times

Refbacks

  • There are currently no refbacks.


Copyright (c) 2024 Oktaviandi Bertua Pardede

Creative Commons License
This work is licensed under a Creative Commons Attribution-ShareAlike 4.0 International License.