Hasrita Lubis, Nurhayati Nurhayati, Pulung Sumantri, Muhammad Ricky Hardiyansyah, Surya Aymanda Nababan, Muhammad Adika Nugraha


The Datok Laksamana Institute for Typical Malay Songket Weaving in Langkat Dusun V Plantation Village, Tanjung Pura Langkat District, has been revitalized since 1986 by the Government through training for development. Directional development explores local wisdom that has existed since the mulda of the Langkat sultanate around the 18th century. This type of qualitative descriptive research is a research method that utilizes qualitative data and is described in descriptive history. This type of qualitative descriptive research is often used to analyze events, phenomena, or situations socially. This type of qualitative descriptive research is a combination of descriptive and qualitative research. Qualitative descriptive research displays the results of the data as they are, without manipulation or other treatment. The institution empowers members of the local community, so Langkat's unique woven motifs have succeeded in identifying 144 beautiful woven motifs. These motifs are extracted from culture and natural raw materials with high artistic and philosophical values that have thrived in people's lives and are woven into woven motifs. This study of noble-valued weaving motifs is full of essential values and is a guide for the Langkat Malay community in carrying out noble life stages and tasks such as traditional wedding attire, respecting guests, circumcision events, and so on. Within the 144 motifs that are related to the meaning of a typical life value, there can be a model that is able to build a strong personality. In this study, three typical motifs will be discussed: teni grass, Diving duck, and Tepak Sirih. The meaning of the philosophy or value contained in each motif is different. The value of these motifs is very humane, so they remain relevant from time to time. The traditions of the people, with their natural environment interweaving traditions in various aspects of life, are fought for to be passed on to the next generation. The realization of the meaning of culture conveyed by Ki Hajar Dewantara is that culture requires values of struggle to be developed by an independent spirit. The struggle to preserve cultural values in the 21st century faces opportunities and challenges. Society is internally challenged by the arrival of a global culture with technology that enters the soul aspects of the young generation in an unlimited way. Opportunities are directed by the government to explore traditional values to be developed within the education system as a characteristic of the nation's character. Optimizing oneself to become a whole person with the uniqueness of each ethnicity to become a resilient world community is the ideal of the Unitary State of the Republic of Indonesia.


Langkat woven motifs, teki grass, diving ducks and tepak betel, character education models.

Full Text:




Austin, D. J. (1979). SYMBOLS AND CULTURE: Some Philosophical Assumptions in the Work of Clifford Geertz. Social Analysis: The International Journal of Social and Cultural Practice, (3), 45–59. Retrieved from http://www.jstor.org/stable/23159581

Ayunerak, P., Alstrom, D., Moses, C., Charlie, J., & Rasmus, S. M. (2014). Yup’ik Culture and Context in Southwest Alaska: Community Member Perspectives of Tradition, Social Change, and Prevention. American Journal of Community Psychology, 54(1–2), 91–99. Retrieved from https://doi.org/10.1007/s10464-014-9652-4

Creswell, J. W. (2018). Penelitian Kualitatif Dan Desain Riset Memilih Di Antara Lima Pendekatan (3rd ed.). Yogyakarta: Pustaka Pelajar.

Diab, A. L., Pabbajah, M., Nurina Widyanti, R., Muthalib, L. M., & Fajar Widyatmoko, W. (2022). Accommodation of local wisdom in conflict resolution of Indonesia’s urban society. Cogent Social Sciences, 8(1). Retrieved from https://doi.org/10.1080/23311886.2022.2153413

Fariani. (2015, August 7). TRADISI MANDI BERDIMBAR PADA MASYARAKAT MELAYU LANGKAT. Biro Hukum Dan Kerja Sama Luar Negeri- Kementerian Agama Republik Indonesia. Jakarta. Retrieved from https://hkln.kemenag.go.id/artikel-5-tradisi-mandi-berdimbar-pada-masyarakat-melayu-langkat.html

Fauzi, R., & Kumalasari, D. (2020). Education of National Characters Based on Local Cultural Values in History Learning Through Traditional Philosophy of Minangkabau. In Proceedings of the 2nd International Conference on Social Science and Character Educations (ICoSSCE 2019). Paris, France: Atlantis Press. Retrieved from https://doi.org/10.2991/assehr.k.200130.012

Guslinda. (2017). KERAJINAN TENUN SONGKET MELAYU RIAU UNTUK PELESTARIAN KEARIFAN LOKAL. PIGUR, 2(1), 124–130. Retrieved from https://pigur.ejournal.unri.ac.id/index.php/pigur/article/view/5445

Hall, W. P. (2006). Emergence and Growth of Knowledge and Diversity in Hierarchically Complex Living Systems. SSRN Electronic Journal. Retrieved from https://doi.org/10.2139/ssrn.1758090

Hassan, H. (2016). A Study on the Development of Baju Kurung Design in the Context of Cultural Changes in Modern Malaysia. Wacana Seni Journal of Arts Discourse, 15, 63–94. Retrieved from https://doi.org/10.21315/ws2016.15.3

Hasudungan, A. N. (2020). Tengku Agung Syarifah Latifah Sebagai Sosok Kartini Riau dan Inspirasi untuk Generasi Emas Indonesia. Bihari: Pendidikan Sejarah Dan Ilmu Sejarah, 3(2), 100–111. Retrieved from https://jurnal.unsil.ac.id/index.php/bihari/article/view/2523/0

Hasudungan, A. N., & Sartika, L. D. (2020). Model Pendidikan Perdamaian Berbasis Kearifan Lokal Pela Gandong Pada Pembelajaran IPS Pasca Rekonsiliasi Konflik Ambon. Indonesian Journal of Social Science Education (IJSSE), 2(1), 20–32. Retrieved from https://doi.org/http://dx.doi.org/10.29300/ijsse.v2i1.2658

Hendra, D. F., & Ariani, A. (2022). Tepuk Tepung Tawar Sebagai Simbol Ritual Budaya Melayu Kabupaten Karimun. Dance and Theatre Review: Jurnal Tari, Teater, Dan Wayang, 5(1), 1–8. Retrieved from https://journal.isi.ac.id/index.php/DTR/article/view/7657

Hermanto Sihombing, L., & Aninda, M. P. (2022). Bloodshed and Meaning for the Life of the Sumbanese in the Pasola Tradition. Al-Hikmah Media Dakwah, Komunikasi, Sosial Dan Kebudayaan, 13(2), 61–68. Retrieved from https://doi.org/10.32505/hikmah.v13i2.5055

Hidayah, Z. (2020). Encyclopedia of Indonesian Tribes. In A Guide to Tribes in Indonesia (pp. 1–368). Singapore: Springer Singapore. Retrieved from https://doi.org/10.1007/978-981-15-1835-5_1

Jundiani. (2018). Local Wisdom in the Environmental Protection and Management. IOP Conference Series: Earth and Environmental Science, 175(1), 012130. Retrieved from https://doi.org/10.1088/1755-1315/175/1/012130

Lewis, H. S. (1998). The Misrepresentation of Anthropology and Its Consequences. American Anthropologist, 100(3), 716–731. Retrieved from http://www.jstor.org/stable/682051

Mazar, A., Tomaino, G., Carmon, Z., & Wood, W. (2021). Habits to save our habitat: Using the psychology of habits to promote sustainability. Behavioral Science & Policy, 7(2), 75–89. Retrieved from https://doi.org/10.1353/bsp.2021.0014

Molinsky, A. L. (2013). The Psychological Processes of Cultural Retooling. Academy of Management Journal, 56(3), 683–710. Retrieved from https://doi.org/10.5465/amj.2010.0492

Nassaji, H. (2015). Qualitative and descriptive research: Data type versus data analysis. Language Teaching Research, 19(2), 129–132. Retrieved from https://doi.org/10.1177/1362168815572747

Noor, A. F., & Suyanto, S. (2019). The Analysis of Character Strengthening Strategy based on Teaching of Ki Hajar Dewantara in Industry 4.0. In Proceedings of the 1st International Conference on Education Social Sciences and Humanities (ICESSHum 2019) (Vol. 335, pp. 1002–1009). Paris, France: Atlantis Press. Retrieved from https://doi.org/10.2991/icesshum-19.2019.155

Pagar, Zuhrah, F., Manurung, S., Pinem, M., Burhanudin, D., & Saefullah, A. (2020). SEJARAH SOSIAL KESULTANAN LANGKAT. Jakarta: LITBANGDIKLAT PRESS Kementerian Agama Republik Indonesia. Retrieved from https://simlitbangdiklat.kemenag.go.id/simlitbang/assets_front/pdf/1607750401Sejarah_Sosial_Kesultanan_Langkat.pdf

Pajriati, N., & Rohmah, R. A. (2022). NILAI-NILAI TRADISI PADA UPACARA TEPUK TEPUNG TAWAR PERKAWINAN ADAT MELAYU DI DESA RAMBAH HILIR TIMUR. Bakoba: Journal of Social Science Education, 02(01), 127–134. Retrieved from https://doi.org/https://doi.org/10.30606/bakoba.v2i1

Putri, P. A., Titisari, E. Y., & Wikantiyoso, R. (2022). Structural System and Local Cultural Wisdom in The Traditional Architecture of Kenali Lampung Which is Currently Starting to be Rare. Local Wisdom : Jurnal Ilmiah Kajian Kearifan Lokal, 14(1), 106–115. Retrieved from https://doi.org/10.26905/lw.v14i2.6875

Qatrunnada, Q., Syarif, M. I., & Naam, M. F. (2022). Aesthetic Principles of Subahnale Songket : A Cultural Product of Sukarara Village. Catharsis: Journal of Arts Education, 11(3), 230–237. Retrieved from https://doi.org/https://doi.org/10.15294/catharsis.v11i3.60723

Rachman, A. H. (2021). Different perspectives in defining culture. Indonesian Journal of Social Sciences, 13(2), 84. Retrieved from https://doi.org/10.20473/ijss.v13i2.29918

Reid, A. (2010). Malay (Melayu) and its descendants: multiple meanings of a porous category. In Imperial Alchemy (pp. 81–114). Cambridge: Cambridge University Press. Retrieved from https://doi.org/10.1017/CBO9780511691829.004

Roztocki, N., Soja, P., & Weistroffer, H. R. (2019). The role of information and communication technologies in socioeconomic development: towards a multi-dimensional framework. Information Technology for Development, 25(2), 171–183. Retrieved from https://doi.org/10.1080/02681102.2019.1596654

Sawita, K., & Ginting, S. S. B. (2022). Identifikasi Etnomatematika : Motif dalam Kain Songket Tenun Melayu Langkat Sumatera Utara. Jurnal Cendekia : Jurnal Pendidikan Matematika, 06(02), 2064–2074. Retrieved from https://doi.org/https://doi.org/10.31004/cendekia.v6i2.1491

Siswayanti, N., Nurrahmah, & Nur, M. (2020). PENGUATAN MODERASI BERAGAMA MELALUI TRADISI RITUAL KEAGAMAAN (Makalah Kebijakan). Retrieved from Jakarta: https://simlitbangdiklat.kemenag.go.id/simlitbang/spdata/upload/policy_brief/161966686911._Sinkritisme_Novita_.pdf

Sumanti, S. T., & Batubara, T. (2019). Dinamika Sejarah Kesultanan Melayu di Sumatera Utara (Menelusuri Jejak Masjid Kesultanan Serdang). (F. Lubis & A.Z. Gultom,Eds.). Yogyakarta: Atap Buku. Retrieved from http://repository.uinsu.ac.id/6419/1/REV Dinamika Sejarah Kesultanan Melayu di Sumatera Utara .pdf

Suprayitno. (2016). HUBUNGAN KERAJAAN MELAKA DENGAN KAMPAR (SUMATERA) DENGAN KEWUJUDAN KERAJAAN PERAK. Seminar Institusi Raja dalam Manuskrip Melayu (SIRaj 4). Retrieved from Kuala Lumpur: https://melayu.library.uitm.edu.my/37/

Sutherst, R. W. (2004). Global Change and Human Vulnerability to Vector-Borne Diseases. Clinical Microbiology Reviews, 17(1), 136–173. Retrieved from https://doi.org/10.1128/CMR.17.1.136-173.2004

Tan, S. I. (2009). Lexical Borrowing in Malaysian English: Influences of Malay. Lexis, (3). Retrieved from https://doi.org/10.4000/lexis.629

Tanjung, I. L., Purwanto, B., & Setyawati, N. A. (2016). COLONIAL POLITICS IN FORMING ETHNIC IDENTITY OF MELAYU MINANGKABAU AND BATAK IN TAPANULI. Jurnal Humaniora, 28(1), 106. Retrieved from https://doi.org/10.22146/jh.v28i1.11508

Tanjung, Y., Hardiyansyah, M. R., & Nababan, S. A. (2022). Malay Deli in North Sumatra: History and Today’s Existence. Journal of Education, Society & Multiculturalism, 3(1), 115–131. Retrieved from https://doi.org/10.2478/jesm-2022-0007

Terry, H., Merly, S., & Dasfordate, A. (2019). Character Education Based Local Wisdom Si Tou Timou Tumou Tou Through Informal Education in the City of Manado. In Proceedings of the International Conference on Social Science 2019 (ICSS 2019) (Vol. 383, pp. 560–563). Paris, France: Atlantis Press. Retrieved from https://doi.org/10.2991/icss-19.2019.71

Thamrin, H. (2014). Revitalisasi Kearifan Lokal Melayu Dalam Menjaga Harmonisasi Lingkungan Hidup. TOLERANSI: Media Komunikasi Umat Bergama, 6(1), 90–106. Retrieved from https://doi.org/http://dx.doi.org/10.24014/trs.v6i1.899

Thamrin, H. (2018). ANTROPOLOGI MELAYU. (M. Khairunisa,Ed.). Yogyakarta: KALIMEDIA.

Tylor, E. B. (2010). Primitive Culture. Cambridge University Press. Retrieved from https://doi.org/10.1017/CBO9780511705960

Yusnita, Y., Yusof, R., & Ibrahim, Y. (2018). Songket: the Linkage Between Heritage and Tourism in Malaysia. Asian People Journal (APJ), 1(2), 207–216. Retrieved from www.journal.unisza.edu.my/apj/

Zakaria, M. H., Aris, A., & Nawawi, N. (2019). Popular Culture: the Influence and Implications on the Malay Traditional Clothing in Malaysia. International Journal of Recent Technology and Engineering, 8(3S2), 826–831. Retrieved from https://doi.org/10.35940/ijrte.C1252.1083S21

DOI: https://doi.org/10.24114/jupiis.v15i1.46886

Article Metrics

Abstract view : 128 times
PDF - 77 times

DOI (PDF): https://doi.org/10.24114/jupiis.v15i1.46886.g21523


  • There are currently no refbacks.


Creative Commons License
This work is licensed under a Creative Commons Attribution 4.0 International License.

JUPIIS: Jurnal Pendidikan Ilmu-ilmu Sosial

Fakultas Ilmu Sosial Universitas Negeri Medan
Creative Commons License
This work is licensed under a Creative Commons Attribution 4.0 International License