Perempuan Pakpak dalam Realitas Adat (Studi kasus di desa Pegagan Julu VIII)

Hadriana Marhaeni Munthe


This paper is derived from case studies conducted on Pakpak women by cross-strata and status in domestic family institutions and customary institutions as public institutions in the village of Pegagan Julu VIII with qualitative feminist methods. The feminist method emphasizes the research process that involves women through their life experiences in cases of indigenous marginalization experienced by them in their communities. Sources of data from women's life experiences which are also voiced by women themselves. Data collection techniques used FGD (Focus Group Discussion), in-depth interviews and participant observation of women who became research informants. The results of the study show that Pakpak women are cross-social strata with the potential to be indigenous conservationists, ironically, the reality is not directly proportional to their authority or authority to make decisions in any customary or customary work. The reason is that the dominance of patriarchal culture which is still strong in prioritizing men and lacking respect for women has influenced the weak bargaining position of women. The consequences that arise are that most customary practices and values are less pro-women, both at the family level and in the community. They experience exploitation especially from the poor strata, so that the poverty that is already heavy is faced by women, the more the burden of adat that must be borne by women. As a result women have the potential to experience double poverty (double poverty) and even tend to experience situations of alienation from their customs.


Indigenous Reality, Women, Pakpak

Full Text:



Andersen, M.L. (1983). Thinking About Women; Sociological and Feminist Perspective. New York: Macmillan Publishing Co, Inc.

Arrivia, G. (2006). “Pentingnya Metodologi Feminis”, Jurnal Perempuan Nomor 48. Jakarta: Penerbit Yayasan Jurnal Perempuan.

Bangun, S. (2009). Ketertinggalan Perempuan Batak Pakpak dalam Memperoleh Pendidikan Formal, http// =tampil&id=74113&idc=45

Berutu, L. & Padang, N. (1998). Tradisi dan Perubahan pada Konteks Masyarakat Pakpak. Medan: Penerbit Monora.

Berutu, T. (1998). Upacara Adat Pak-pak pada Masyarakat Dairi. Medan: Penerbit Monora.

Koentjaraningrat. (1998), Pengantar Antropologi II: Pokok-pokok Etnografi, Jakarta: PT Rineka Cipta.

Hartman, H. (1979). Capitalism, Patriarchy and Job Segregation by Sex in Capitalist Patriarchy and The Case for Socialist Feminism. New York & London: Monthly review Press.

Munthe, H.M. (2007). “Modernisasi dan Perubahan Sosial Masyarakat dalam Pembangunan Pertanian: suatu Tinjauan Sosiologis”, Jurnal Harmoni Sosial, Volume II, No. 1

Munthe, H.M. (2007). Phenomenon of Women Marginalization in Poor Family in Pakpak Community : “A Case Studi in PegaganJulu Village, Sumbul Subdistrict, Dairi Regency, North Sumatera”, Journal of Arts & Humanities, Volume 06, Issues 06, 38-51.

Popenoe, D. (2004). “Sociology” Fifth Edition. New Jersey: Prentice Hall, Englewood Cliffs.

Pardede, E. (2010). Menelusuri Bentuk-bentuk Kekerasan Perempuan di Masyarakat Adat. Sidikalang: Penerbit Pesada.

Simanjuntak, A.B. (2006). Struktur Sosial dan Sistem Politik Batak Toba (Suatu Pendekatan Sejarah, Antropologi Budaya Politik), Jakarta: Yayasan Obor Indonesia.

Tinendung, S. (2012). Analisis Posisi Perempuan dalam Status Sosial Keluarga Pakpak. Skripsi: Sosiologi. Fakultas Ilmu Sosial Politik, Universitas Sumatera Utara.

Venny, A. (2006). “Pentingnya Metodologi Feminis di Indonesia”, Jakarta, Jurnal Perempuan Nomor 48.

Wijaya, H.R. (1996)” Penelitian Berpersfektif Gender”, Jurnal Analisis Sosial Edisi 4/Nopember 1966, Bandung: Akatiga.


Article Metrics

Abstract view : 406 times
PDF - 334 times



  • There are currently no refbacks.


Creative Commons License
This work is licensed under a Creative Commons Attribution 4.0 International License.

JUPIIS: Jurnal Pendidikan Ilmu-ilmu Sosial

Fakultas Ilmu Sosial Universitas Negeri Medan
Creative Commons License
This work is licensed under a Creative Commons Attribution 4.0 International License