Hubungan Antara Perbandingan Sosial dan Citra Tubuh Remaja Laki-Laki Pada Pengguna Media Sosial di Kota Makassar

Sariana Abdullah, Eva Meizara Puspita Dewi

Abstract


Adolescence begins to encourage individuals to shape their body image, including the male gender. However, the influence of social media in comparing themselves with other individuals greatly affects the concept of body image they have. The study was to determine the relationship between social comparison and body image of male adolescent social media users in Makassar City. The participants of this study were male adolescents aged 12-22 years and were social media users in Makassar City. This study uses a scale adapted from The Multidimensional Body-Self Relations Questionnaire (MBSRQ) Users' Manual-Third Revision by Cash (2000) and an Upward and Downward Psychological Appearance Comparison scale from O'Brien (2009) which was adapted and developed by Setiawati (2020). This research was tested using the Spearman Rho data analysis technique. The study found that there was a negative relationship between social comparison and body image in male adolescent social media users in the city of Makassar (p = 0.012, r = -0.209). This study illustrates that the higher the social comparison, the lower the body image of male adolescent social media users in the city of Makassar. This research can be a reference and information about the negative and positive relationship of social comparisons in terms of appearance on social media to the body image of adolescent males in Makassar City.

Keywords


Body Image; Social Media; Social Comparison; Adolescent Boys

Full Text:

PDF

References


Cash, T.F. (2000). The Multimedia Body-Self Relation Questionnaire. MBTSQ USERS MANUAL (Third Revision).

Cash, T. F., & Pruzinsky, T. (2002). Body Images: A Handbook of Theory, Research, and Clinical Practice (First Edit). New York: Guildford Press.

Cash, T. F. (2004). Body image: past, present, and future. Journal of Body Image. 1(1), 1–5. doi: 10.1016/S1740-1445(03)00011-1.

Fakhri, N. (2017). Konsep dasar dan implikasi teori perbandingan sosial. Jurnal Psikologi Talenta. 3(1). doi: 10.26858/talenta.v3i1.13066.

Festinger, L. (1954). A Theory of Social Comparison Processes. New York: SAGE Social Science Collection.

Grogan, S. (2008) Body Image: Understanding Body Dissatisfaction In Men, Women, And Children. London: Routledge.

Guyer, J. J., & Vaughan-Johnston, T. I. (2018). Social Comparisons (Upward and Downward). Encyclopedia of Personality and Individual Differences. 1–5. doi: 10.1007/978-3-319-28099-8_1912-1.

Myers, T. A., & Crowther, J. H. (2009). Social comparison as a predictor of body dissatisfaction: a meta-analytic review. Journal of Abnormal Psychology. 118(4), 683-98.doi: 10.1037/a0016763.

O’Brien, K.S., Caputi, P., Minto, R., Peoples, G., Hooper, C., Kell, S., & Sawley, E. (2009) Upward and downward physical appearance comparisons: Development of scale and examination of predictive qualities. Journal of Body image, 6(3), 201-6. doi: 10.1016/j.bodyim.2009.03.003.

Pangestika, A. (2021). Hubungan self-esteem dan komparasi sosial dengan citra tubuh pada mahasiswa pengguna media sosial. Skripsi. Fakultas Psikologi: Universitas Muhammadiyah Surakarta.

Pratama, D. S. (2021). Perbandingan sosial dan citra tubuh pada remaja putri pengguna sosial media instagram saat pandemi. Skripsi. Universitas Muhammadiyah Malang.

Ricciardelli & McCabe. (2011). Body Image in Cash, T. F., & Smolak, L (eds). Handbook of Science, Practice, and Prevention (85-92). New York: The Guilford Press

Santrock, J. W. (2007). Remaja. Edisi keenam jilid 1. Jakarta: Erlangga.

Setiawati, N. A. (2020). Hubungan antara perbandingan sosial dan citra tubuh pada mahasiswa pengguna media sosial instagram. Skripsi. Universitas Islam Negeri Maulana Malik Ibrahim Malang.

Stiles, B. L., & Kaplan, H. B. (2004). Adverse social comparison processes and negative self-feelings: a test of alternative models. Social Behavior and Personality: An International Journal. 32(1), 31–44. doi: .org/10.2224/sbp.2004.32.1.31

Sukamto, M., Hamidah, H., & Fajrianthi, F. (2019). Can I look like her? body image of adolescent girls who use social media. Journal of Makara Human Behavior Studies in Asia, 23(1), 60-72. doi: 10.7454/hubs.Asia.1120519

Thompson. J., K., & Smolak, L. (2009). Body Image, Eating Disorder, And Obesity In Youth: Assessment, Prevention, And Treatment: 2nd Edition. Washington: American Psychology Association.

Wahyuni, G. A. K. T. E., & Wilani, N. M. A. (2019). Hubungan antara komparasi sosial dengan citra tubuh pada remaja laki-laki di denpasar. Jurnal Psikologi Udayana, 6(1), 945-954.

Wheeler, L., & Miyake, K. (1992). Interpersonal relations and group social comparison in everyday life. Journal of Personality, 62(5), 760–773.

Zahra, A. C. A., & Shanti, P. (2021). Body image pada remaja laki-laki: sebuah studi literatur. Prosiding Seminar Nasional. Universitas Negeri Malang.




DOI: https://doi.org/10.24114/icp.v3i2.51244

Article Metrics

Abstract view : 160 times
PDF - 93 times

Refbacks

  • There are currently no refbacks.


Creative Commons License
This work is licensed under a Creative Commons Attribution-ShareAlike 4.0 International License.

PSIKOLOGI PENDIDIKAN DAN BIMBINGAN

Jl. Willem Iskandar Pasar V Medan Estate, Sumatera Utara. Universitas Negeri Medan, Fakultas Ilmu Pendidikan, Gedung 72 Lantai 2

 

Lisensi Creative Commons
Ciptaan disebarluaskan di bawah Lisensi Creative Commons Atribusi 4.0 Internasional.