Transformasi Pendidikan Kewarganegaraan Global di Era Abad 21: Analisis Implementasi dan Tantangan

Heny Mulyani, Kokom Komalasari, Mitra Permatasari, Maria Lufransiya Bribin, Suriaman Suriaman

Abstract


Abstract

This research discusses the implementation and challenges of Global Citizenship Education (GCED) in the 21st century. The purpose of this study is to explore the importance of GCED in preparing individuals to face global challenges, as well as to identify the main challenges faced in the implementation of GCED. The research method used includes a literature review of various articles and research papers related to GCED obtained through the Google Scholar database. The results showed that GCED is an important concept to equip individuals with the knowledge, skills, and values needed to face global challenges. The implementation of GCED in various countries has been widely done, but in practice there are still obstacles and challenges such as lack of understanding of the concept, curriculum limitations, cultural barriers, and lack of resources and funds. GCED is important to prepare learners to be active and responsible global citizens. To overcome the challenges of GCED implementation, strategies such as raising awareness and advocacy, providing training and capacity, curriculum reform, creating partnerships and networks, and utilizing technology are needed. Thus, GCED has a crucial role in fulfilling the needs of global citizenship education in the 21st century.

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Abstrak

Penelitian ini membahas implementasi dan tantangan Pendidikan Kewarganegaraan Global (GCED) di abad ke-21. Tujuan dari penelitian ini adalah untuk mengeksplorasi pentingnya GCED dalam mempersiapkan individu menghadapi tantangan global, serta untuk mengidentifikasi tantangan utama yang dihadapi dalam implementasi GCED. Metode penelitian yang digunakan meliputi tinjauan literatur dari berbagai artikel dan paper penelitian terkait dengan GCED yang diperoleh melalui database Google Scholar . Hasil penelitian menunjukkan bahwa GCED adalah konsep penting untuk membekali individu dengan pengetahuan, keterampilan, dan nilai-nilai yang diperlukan untuk menghadapi tantangan global. Implementasi GCED di berbagai negara telah banyak dilakukan, namun dalam praktiknya masih ditemukan hambatan dan tantangan seperti kurangnya pemahaman akan konsep tersebut, batasan kurikulum, hambatan budaya, dan kurangnya sumber daya dan dana. Mengingat GCED penting untuk mempersiapkan peserta didik menjadi warga global yang aktif dan bertanggung jawab. Untuk mengatasi tantangan implementasi GCED, diperlukan strategi seperti meningkatkan kesadaran dan advokasi, memberikan pelatihan dan kapasitas, reformasi kurikulum, membuat kemitraan dan jaringan, serta memanfaatkan teknologi. Dengan demikian, GCED memiliki peran yang krusial dalam memenuhi kebutuhan pendidikan kewarganegaraan global di abad ke-21.


Keywords


global citizenship education; implementation; challenges; pendidikan kewarganegaraan global; implementasi; tantangan

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DOI: https://doi.org/10.24114/jk.v21i1.55115

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