The Dynamic of Citizenship Within K-Popers: An Ethnography Studies

Wibowo Heru Prasetiyo, Zulfa Rizqiyah

Abstract


Abstrak

Globalisasi telah mendorong masuknya Korean Wave ke Indonesia yang menantang kesadaran nasionalisme dan kecintaan terhadap budaya bangsa. K-pop telah menjadi ciri khas Korean Wave karena persaingan yang signifikan antara girl band dan boy band, khususnya boy band BTS. Penelitian ini mengidentifikasi dan mendeskripsikan pentingnya pendekatan kewarganegaraan dan kesadaran nasionalis di kalangan K-Popers. Penelitian ini menggunakan metode etnografi dengan teknik pengumpulan data survei, observasi, dokumentasi, dan wawancara terhadap lima orang wanita fans BTS di Solo, Jawa Tengah yang disebut dengan komunitas Solo Army. Hasil penelitian memberikan gambaran bahwa pendekatan kewarganegaraan yang diterapkan oleh masyarakat Tentara Solo mendekati komunitarian. Namun para K-Popers menunjukkan fanatisme tanpa mengurangi rasa nasionalismenya dengan menyukai BTS sebagai hiburan sedangkan nasionalisme adalah sebuah kewajiban. K-Popers Army Solo juga membentuk nasionalisme dengan mengadakan kegiatan sosial yang ditujukan kepada sesama manusia yang harus saling membantu dan menghormati tanpa membeda-bedakan. Oleh karena itu, penting untuk memiliki pendekatan sipil dan kesadaran nasionalis di kalangan K-Popers agar budaya Korean Wave tidak mudah mempengaruhi mereka.

--------

Globalization has encouraged the entry of the Korean Wave into Indonesia, which challenges the awareness of nationalism and love for the nation's culture. K-pop has become a hallmark of the Korean Wave due to the significant competition between girl and boy bands, especially the boy band BTS. This research identifies and describes the importance of a civic approach and nationalist awareness among K-Popers. This study used ethnographic methods with survey data collection techniques, observation, documentation, and interviews with five female BTS fans in Solo, Central Java, called the Solo Army community. The results of the study illustrate that the civic approach adopted by the Solo Army community is close to communitarian. However, K-Popers show fanaticism without reducing their sense of nationalism by liking BTS as entertainment while nationalism is an obligation. K-Popers Army Solo also forms nationalism by holding social activities aimed at fellow humans who must help and respect each other without discriminating. Therefore, it is essential to have a civic approach and nationalist awareness among K-Popers so that Korean Wave culture does not easily influence them.


Keywords


good citizenship; k-popers; nationalism; communitarianism; nasionalisme; komunitarian

References


Abdinigrum, A. R., & Supriyadi. (2023). Penguatan Watak Kewarganegaraan Santri di Pondok Pesantren Al-Munawwir Komplek R Krapyak Yogyakarta. Jurnal Kewarganegaraan, 20(1), 13–26. https://doi.org/10.24114/jk.v20i1.41016

Adhari, P. A., Dewi, D. A., & Furnamasari, Y. F. (2021). Dampak Globalisasi Terhadap Nilai-nilai Nasionalisme Masyarakat Indonesia. Jptam.Org, 5(2018), 7351–7356. https://doi.org/10.31004/jptam.v5i3.2149

Bila, N. S., Wahyuni, F. D., & Nurgiansah, T. H. (2023). Peran Penting Civics: Pendidikan Ilmu Kewarganegaraan di Era Masyarakat Digital. Jurnal Kewarganegaraan, 20(1), 1–12. https://doi.org/10.24114/JK.V20I1.39530

Boangmanalu, S., & Sembiring, A. B. (2022). Dinamika Kontemporer Kewarganegaraan Indonesia (Studi Etnisitas Dalam Pemilihan Bupati Pakpak Bharat). Jurnal Kewarganegaraan, 19(2), 102–112. https://doi.org/10.24114/JK.V19I2.30402

Cahyono. (2018). Dampak Perkembangan Sosial budaya Terhadap Nasionalisme Mahasiswa. Jurnal Pendidikan Kewarganegaraan, 2(1), 39–49. https://doi.org/10.1088/1751-8113/44/8/085201

Cheriyah, Y., & Hadi, A. R. (2022). Indonesian K-Pop fans: The relationship between ARMY-BTS identity and their demographic. Jorunal of Social Studies, 18(2), 249–264. https://doi.org/10.21831/jss.v18i2.51425.249--264

Choi, M. (2016). A Concept Analysis of Digital Citizenship for Democratic Citizenship Education in the Internet Age. Theory and Research in Social Education, 44(4), 565–607. https://doi.org/10.1080/00933104.2016.1210549

Christodoulidis, E. (2016). Communitarianism and Citizenship. London: Routledge.

Correa, M. C. (2022). The Soft Power of the Korean Wave: Parasite, BTS and Drama. Asian Journal of Communication, 32(6), 551–554. https://doi.org/10.1080/01292986.2022.2127813

Daymo, C., & Holloway, I. (2008). Metode-metode Riset Kualitatif dalam Public Relations dan Marketing Communications. Yogyakarta: Bentang.

Delanty, G. (2003). Communitarianism and Citizenship. In E. F. Isin & B. S. Turner (Ed.), Handbook of citizenship studies (hal. 159–174). London: SAGE Publications Ltd.

Diema, S., Hayati, Y., Prabowo, A., & Hijrianti, U. R. (2022). Kebijaksanaan dan fanatisme pada penggemar K-Pop. Cognicia, 10(1), 42–50. https://doi.org/10.22219/cognicia.v10i1.20089

Eliani, J., Yuniardi, M. S., & Masturah, A. N. (2018). Fanatisme dan Perilaku Agresif Verbal di Media Sosial pada Penggemar Idola K-Pop. Psikohumaniora: Jurnal Penelitian Psikologi, 3(1), 59–72. https://doi.org/10.21580/pjpp.v3i1.2442

Etzioni, A. (2011). Citizenship in a Communitarian Perspective. Ethnicities, 11(3), 336–349. https://doi.org/10.1177/1468796811407850

Fachrosi, E., Fani, D. T., Lubis, R. F., Aritonang, N. B., Azizah, N., Saragih, D. R., & Malik, F. (2020). Dinamika Fanatisme Penggemar K-Pop Pada Komunitas BTS-Army Medan. Jurnal Diversita, 6(2), 194–201. https://doi.org/10.31289/diversita.v6i2.3782

Fistanto, R. A., Fitri, M., Hamidi, A., & Kusmaedi, N. (2022). Studi Komparasi Loyalitas Fans Sepakbola di Indonesia dan Korea (Survey Terhadap Fans Sepakbola Liga 1 Indonesia dan Liga 1 Korea Selatan). Journal IMAGE, 11(2), 94–107.

Hollows, J. (2000). Feminism, Femininity, and Popular Culture. Manchester: Manchester Universiy Press.

Isin, E. F., & Turner, B. S. (2002a). Citizenship Studies: An Introduction. Handbook of Citizenship Studies, 1–11. https://doi.org/10.4135/9781848608276.N1

Isin, E. F., & Turner, B. S. (Ed.). (2002b). Handbook of citizenship studies. London: SAGE Publications Ltd.

Jung, S. (2011). K-Pop, Indonesian Fandom, and Social Media. Transformative Works and Cultures, 8. https://doi.org/10.3983/twc.2011.0289

Khedun-Burgoine, B., & Kiaer, J. (2022). Korean Wave in World Englishes: The Linguistic Impact of Korean Popular Culture. Jakarta: Routledge.

Koentjaraningrat. (1990). Pengantar Ilmu Antropologi. Jakarta: Rineka Cipta.

Lastriani. (2018). Fanwar: Perang Antar Fans Idol K-Pop di Media Sosial. Emik: Jurnal Ilmiah Ilmu Ilmu Sosial, 1(1), 87–100.

Lee, J., & Abidin, C. (2022). Oegugin In fl uencers and pop nationalism through government campaigns: Regulating foreign‐nationals in the South Korean YouTube ecology. Policy and Internet, 14(August), 541–557. https://doi.org/10.1002/poi3.319

Lyan, I. (2019). Welcome to Korea Day: From Diasporic to Hallyu “Fan-Nationalism.” International Journal of Communication, 13, 3764–3780. Diambil dari https://ijoc.org/index.php/ijoc/article/view/11153

Mawardha, M. S., & Purnamasari, O. (2022). Aktivitas Komunikasi Pemasaran Terpadu di Akun Fanbase Twitter Official 7BTS Update sebagai Sarana Loyalitas terhadap Boyband BTS. Perspektif Komunikasi: Jurnal Ilmu Komunikasi Politik dan Komunikasi Bisnis, 6(2), 183–197. https://doi.org/10.24853/pk.6.2.183-197

Mujani, W. K., Yoan, S., & Keum, H. K. (2022). The Cultural and Religious Conflict between Korean Wave and Islamic Values. Islāmiyyāt: International Journal of Islamic Studies, 44(1), 193–201. Diambil dari https://journalarticle.ukm.my/19334/1/56073-184699-1-SM.pdf

Putri, L. A. (2020). Dampak Korea Wave Terhadap Prilaku Remaja Di Era Globalisasi. Al-Ittizaan: Jurnal Bimbingan Konseling Islam, 3(1), 42. https://doi.org/10.24014/0.8710187

Riona, J., & Krisdinanto, N. (2021). Ketika Fans ‘Menikahi ’ Idolanya: Studi Fenomenologi tentang Loyalitas Fandom BTS. Avant Garde, 09(01), 16–34. https://doi.org/10.36080/ag.v9i1.1304

Wang, Y.-E., & Park, J. H. (2022). Homeland vs. Korean Idols: Cyber-nationalism in Chinese K-Pop Fandom. Academic Association of Global Cultural Contents, 52, 163–182. Diambil dari https://scholar.kyobobook.co.kr/article/detail/4010036836874

Wirawanda, Y. (2019). Fanatisme Fans Sepakbola terkait Flaming dan Netiquette. Komuniti : Jurnal Komunikasi dan Teknologi Informasi, 10(2), 123–132. https://doi.org/10.23917/komuniti.v10i2.6755




DOI: https://doi.org/10.24114/jk.v21i1.55642

Article Metrics

Abstract view : 53 times
DOWNLOAD FULL ARTICLE (PDF) - 26 times

Refbacks

  • There are currently no refbacks.


Copyright (c) 2024 Wibowo Heru Prasetiyo, Zulfa Rizqiyah

Creative Commons License
This work is licensed under a Creative Commons Attribution-ShareAlike 4.0 International License.