Development of chemical element practical workbook based on projects and characters for class xii senior high school

Bajoka Nainggolan, Martin Simamora, Wesly Hutabarat


This investigation based on analysis, design, development, implementation, and evaluation (ADDIE) method intended to develop an innovative chemistry laboratory workbook of Chemistry Element integrated with project-based learning and characters. Two chemistry lecturers and teachers respectively selected to validate three local chemistry laboratory workbook and chemistry laboratory workbook developed. Questionnaires distributed to the lecturer and teacher samples and found that content, language, presentation, and feasibility of graphics scores were 3.31, 3.37, 3.22, 3.15 and 3.15 respectively and the average score was 3.26 which means that the chem. Lab workbook developed is very valid. In addition, student samples consisted of 2 classes of grade XII of science students which classified into experimental group  and Controled group. The developed chemistry laboratory workbook and the conventional workbook were tried out to group Experiment and group Controlled respectively. The average scores of student outcomes in group Experiment was higher than group Controled or 87.5%>73.8%. Then the average psychomotor scores of group  Experiment was larger than group controled or 84.64>78.42. In addition, the affective scores of group Experiment was larger than group Controled or 82.78>76.38. The hypothesis tested with one way ANOVA at the significant level of α = 0.05, and found that tCalc > tTable or 4.536 > 1.697 It is concluded that the Innovative chemistry laboratory workbook is highly very good.

Keywords: Chemistry laboratory workbook; chemistry element; project-based learning

Full Text:



Arikunto, S. (2009). Prosedur Penelitian: Suatu Pendekatan Praktik (Research Procedure: An Approach to Practice) (revised edition VI). Jakarta: Rineka Cipta.

BSNP. (2016). Peraturan BSNP tentang Prosedur Operasi Standar Penyelenggaraan Penilaian Buku Paket Pelajaran dan Buku Panduan Guru Pola “Inisiatif Masyarakat (BSNP Regulations regarding Standard Operating Procedures for Organizing Appraisals of Learning Package Books and Teacher's Guidance Patterns "Community Initiatives”), Badan Standar Nasional Pendidikan. Jakarta.

Cann, P., & Hughes, P. (2015). Cambridge International AS and A Level Chemistry. London, UK: Hodder Education.

Chiang, C. L., & Lee, H. (2016). The effect of project-based learning on learning motivation and problem-solving ability of vocational high school students. International Journal of Information and Education Technology, 6(9), 709-712, doi: 10.7763/ijiet.2016.v6.779

Fiksl, M., Flogie, A., & Aberšek, B. (2017). Innovative teaching/learning methods to improve science, technology and engineering classroom climate and interest. Journal of Baltic Science Education, 16(6), 1009-1019.

Gorlatova, M., Sarik, J., Kinget, P., Kymissis, I., & Zussman, G. (2013). Project-based learning within a large-scale interdisciplinary research effort. Proceedings of the 18th ACM Conference on Innovation and Technology in Computer Science Education - ITiCSE ’13, doi: 10.1145/2462476.2465588

Harahap, N.M., Hutabarat, W., & Silaban, S. (2018). The effect of model problem based learning (pbl) assistance of prezi media on student learning outcomes in colloid materials. Advances in Social Science, Education and Humanities Research, 200,456-458, doi: 10.2991/aisteel-18.2018.98

Kemdikbud. (2014). Materi pelatihan guru implementasi kurikulum 2013 tahun ajaran 2014/2015: Mata pelajaran IPA SMP/MTs (Teacher training materials for the implementation of the 2013 curriculum in the 2014/2015 school year: Natural Sciences subject for SMP/MTs), Jakarta: Kementerian Pendidikan dan Kebudayaan.

Larmer, J. (2014). Project-based learning vs. problem-based learning vs. X-BL. Edutopia, George Lucas Educational Foundation.

Lukman, I., Damanik, M., Silaban, S., & Kembaren, A. (2019). Development of problem based learning innovative student worksheets in learning the concept of chemistry for senior high school students. Journal of Transformative Education and Educational Leadership, 1(1), 23-28.

Manalu, E., Silaban, S., Silaban, R., & Hutabarat, W. (2016). The development of chemical practice guidebook colloid system-based integrated contextual character values. Jurnal Pendidikan Kimia, 8(2), 87-89.

Nainggolan, B., Pinem, I. S. A., & Hutabarat, W. (2018). Development of chemical practice guides class xi project based to improve student’s chemical learning outcomes on acid base materials. Jurnal Pendidikan Kimia, 10(2), 393-396. doi: 10.24114/jpkim.v10i2.11018

Nasution, R., Silaban, S., & Sudrajat, A. (2018). The influence of problem based learning, guided inquiry learning models assited by lectora inspire, and scientific attitudes to student’s cognitive values. Advances in Social Science, Education and Humanities Research, 200, 265-269, doi: 10.2991/aisteel-18.2018.58

Oxford Open Learning, 2019, Download on 4/17/2019. At 4.55 am.

Permendikbud. (2013), Standar Kompetensi Lulusan Pendidikan Dasar dan Menegah. (Competency Standard for Primary and Secondary Education Graduates), p. 59.1-15.

Rojko, A. (2017). Industry 4.0 concept: background and overview. International Journal of Interactive Mobile Technologies (iJIM), 11(5), 77-90, doi: 10.3991/ijim.v11i5.7072

Ragulina, Y. V., Semenova, E. I., Zueva, I. A., Kletskova, E. V., & Belkina, E. N. (2018). Perspectives of Solving the Problems of Regional Development with the Help of New Internet Technologies. Entrepreneurship and Sustainability Issues, 5(4), 890-898, doi: 10.9770/jesi.2018.5.4(13)

Scott, P., & Pentecost, T. C. (2013). From Verification to Guided Inquiry: What Happens When a Chemistry Laboratory Curriculum Changes?. Journal of College Science Teaching, 42(3), 82-88.

Shahroom, A., & Hussin, N. (2018). Industrial revolution 4.0 and education. International Journal of Academic Research in Business and Social Sciences, 8(9), 314-319, doi: 10.6007/IJARBSS/v8-i9/4593

Silaban, S. (2017). Dasar-dasar pendidikan matematika dan ilmu pengetahuan alam. Medan: Harapan Cerdas Publisher.

Situmorang, M., Sinaga, M., Tarigan, D. A., Sitorus, C. J., & Tobing, A. M. L. (2011). The effectivity of innovated chemistry learning methods to increase student’s achievement in teaching of solubility and solubility product. Jurnal Penelitian Bidang Pendidikan, 17(1), 29-37.

Situmorang, M. (2014). Pengembangan buku ajar kimia Sma melalui inovasi pembelajaran dan integrasi pendidikan karakter untuk meningkatkan hasil belajar siswa. Prosiding SEMIRATA 2013, p: 237 – 247.

Situmorang, M., Sitorus, M., Hutabarat, W., & Situmorang, Z. (2015). The development of innovative chemistry learning material for bilingual senior high school students in Indonesia. International Education Studies, 8(10), 72-85, doi: 10.5539/ies.v8n10p72

Tatli, Z., & Ayas, A. (2013). Effect of a virtual chemistry laboratory on students' achievement. Educational technology & society, 16(1), 159-170.

Tüysüz, C. (2010). The effect of the virtual laboratory on students' achievement and attitude in chemistry. International Online Journal of Educational Sciences, 2(1), 37-53.


Article Metrics

Abstract view : 136 times
PDF - 104 times


  • There are currently no refbacks.


Lisensi Creative Commons
Jurnal Pendidikan Kimia is licensed under a Lisensi Creative Commons Atribusi 4.0 Internasional.

© JURNAL PENDIDIKAN KIMIA. All rights reserved