Publication Ethics


The ethics of publishing an article in a scientific journal is an important reference. This is needed to standardize ethical behavior to all parties involved in the publication of this scientific journal, namely: writers, editors, reviewers.



  1. Reporting Standards: Authors must present accurate reports and data from research results. Articles of the research must contain sufficient detailed information and references. Fraud of intentional content of a text is unethical and unacceptable behavior.
  2. Originality and Plagiarism: Authors must ensure the originality of their writing and provide clear information / sources when using citations. Authors are not permitted to publish research manuscripts in more than one journal because sending the same manuscript to more than one journal simultaneously is unethical and unacceptable behavior.
  3. Acknowledgment of Sources: Appropriate recognition of the work of other parties must always be included. The author must quote the publication that has been used to underlie the making of a scientific work.
  4. Authorship of the Paper: Writing must be limited to researchers who have made significant contributions to the conception, design, implementation, or interpretation of the research reported. All researchers who have made significant contributions must be registered as co-authors. Researchers who participate in substantive aspects of a study must be recognized or registered as contributors. The primary author must ensure that the co-authors are indeed fit to be included in the list of researchers and all authors must see and approve the final version of the manuscript to be published.
  5. Disclosure and Conflicts of Interest: Each author must disclose in their text any substantive financial or interests that might be interpreted to influence the results of a text.
  6. Fundamental errors in published works: If the author finds an error or inaccuracy in the published text, the author is expected to notify the journal editor or publisher and work with the editor to recall or correct the text.



  1. Publication decisions: Editors are responsible for deciding articles that have been received by the editorial board to be published. Editors can refer to the policies of the journal editorial board and are limited by applicable legal provisions regarding defamation, copyright infringement and plagiarism. Editors can also negotiate with other editors or reviewers in making decisions.
  2. Fair play: Editors can at any time evaluate the contents of the text regardless of race, gender, sexual orientation, religion, ethnicity, citizenship, or political philosophy of the author.
  3. Confidentiality: Editors and every editorial staff do not have to disclose any information about the manuscript submitted to anyone other than the author, reviewer, potential reviewer, editorial advisor and publisher.
  4. Disclosure and conflicts of interest: Material in texts submitted and not published in journals, should not be used in editor research, without the written consent of the author.



  1. Contribution to Editorial Decisions: Reviewers help editors in making editorial decisions and through editorial communication with the author, can help the author improve the manuscript. The reviewer is also expected to provide suggestions for improvements to the results of the review.
  2. Promptness: Any reviewer who feels ineligible to review research reported in a text or conduct a review of the text quickly, must notify the editor and is not involved in the review process. Invited reviewers must also confirm their willingness / unwillingness to review the article.
  3. Confidentiality: Every text received for review must be treated as a confidential document. These texts do not have to be displayed or discussed with other parties unless they get permission from the editor.
  4. Standards of Objectivity: Tinjuan must be done objectively. The author is not allowed to do criticism personally. The reviewer must provide clear information about the results of the review along with supporting arguments.
  5. Acknowledgment of Sources: The reviewer must identify the published papers that are relevant and which have not been quoted by the author. Statements about observation, derivation or previously reported arguments must be accompanied by relevant citations. The reviewer must also coordinate with the editor about the substantial similarities between the texts considered and other articles that have been published through the knowledge of editors and reviewers.
  6. Disclosure and Conflict of Interest: Information or ideas obtained from partner reviews must be kept confidential and not used for personal gain. Reviewers are not permitted to consider a text that is caused by a conflict of interest, collaborative or other interests with a related author, company or institution