Land-Cover Change Detection in Batur Catchment Area Using Remote Sensing

Ni Kadek Oki Febrianti, Projo Danoedoro, Prima Widayani


Land cover information is an essential aspect in the planning and management of earth modeling and understanding. Land cover changes impact the physical and social environment, such as hydrological conditions and ecological systems. This study aimed to identify spatial differences in the land cover of the Batur catchment area from 2015-2021 by using a remote sensing approach to describe the existing land-cover site and to detect its changes. The methods used in this study are a combination of the vegetation index and a supervised classification maximum likelihood algorithm with Landsat 8 OLI/TIRS in 2015 and 2021. Furthermore, the Change Detection Feature, identified from two image periods in 2015-2021 and processed, is used to detect changes in land cover. The accuracy assessment utilized QuickBird imagery recorded in 2015; field survey data were taken in 2021. The results showed that between 2015 to 2021, built-up area, bare land, shrubs, and lake have increased by 102,66% (306,01 ha), 27,95% (452,25 ha), 15,20% (215,72 ha) and 4,05 % (62,73 ha) while dryland forest and dry-dry-field have decreased by -25,84% (-606,29 ha) and -14.59% (-430,42 ha), respectively. The overall accuracy of the multispectral classification results in 2015 and 2021 was 82,63% and 89,57%.

Keywords: Land-Cover Change; Batur; Catchment Area; Remote Sensing


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